a huge manhunt ur— huh “nit an “nit: hr a huge manhunt continues in news. a huge manhunt continues in turkey for a gunman who opened fire on new year's eve revellers at an istanbul nightclub. the first funerals have ta ken istanbul nightclub. the first funerals have taken place for some of the 39 victims. most of those killed were foreign nationals from countries including israel, jimmy shere, france, belgium and saudi arabia. —— tunisia. 23 have died after a ferry caught fire off the coast of indonesia. this story is trending online. a prankster has tampered with the iconic hollywood sign overlooking los angeles. it comes sign overlooking los angeles. it co m es after sign overlooking los angeles. it comes after voters in the state approved the use of marijuana for aduu approved the use of marijuana for adult recreational use. that is all from me. stay with us here on bbc world news. goodbye. now on bbc news, it is time for reporters. hello, and welcome to this special
edition of reporters. in this special edition we look back at some of the best reports from this year from the network of correspondents around the world. coming up: stand off in the skies above the south china sea as we fly over one of the most contested areas in the world, incurring the wrath of the chinese. the captain has said we are a civilian air craft but it made no difference whatsoever they just repeated that threat to leave the area over and over again. tiny victims of yemen's forgotten war, we find starving children in desperate need of aid. they have fever and
diarrhoea and without medicine he passed away. under fire on ukraine's frontline, tom burridge and his team reach one of the conflicts most volatile hotspots where the fragile ceasefire has collapsed. make no mistake, it can cost you your life. ian pannell reports from barack obama's former hometown and finds gun crime is out of control. and battle of the sexes. we meet the moroccan warrior women taking on and beating the berber men of north africa at their own game. the bbc went to extraordinary lengths this year to get a rare glimpse of china's determined expansion in the south china sea, one of the most contested areas anywhere in the world. beijing is building huge artificial islands on the spratly island chain,
which the americans and others insist are illegal. the area is difficult to get to, but rupert wingfield—hayes flew in a small civilian aircraft into china's self—declared security zone 200 kilometres off the coast of the philippines. this is what he found. it's just before dawn on the philippine island of palawan. even at this hour it's hot, but there's no sign here of the trouble brewing a few hundred miles out to sea. i'm about to take off on a trip the chinese government has tried to stop. as we roll down the runway, we're all tense. no one has tried what we're about to do. we're now heading south—west towards a number of chinese—controlled atolls.
these are places where the chinese have being doing massive land reclamation over the last year and a half. we really want to go for two reasons. one, to see exactly what the chinese are doing, and two, to test to see if the chinese would try to stop us because the whole of this area is, according to most countries, international airspace. just 140 nautical miles from the philippine coast, we spot new land. this place is called mischief reef. until a year ago, there was nothing here, just a submerged atoll. now look at it. millions of tons of material have been dredged up to build this huge new island. then as we close to 12 nautical miles, this. down below, we can see a pair of chinese navy ships.
our pilots are nervous. they want to turn away. we're a civilian aircraft flying over international waters and yet we're being repeatedly threatened. so what we're getting is the chinese sending out that message, foreign military aircraft, unidentified military aircraft, leave the area immediately. in chinese and english, our captain replied saying we are a civilian aircraft, not a military aircraft, but it didn't make any difference, they repeated the threat to leave the area over and over again. as we fly on, the full extent of the construction is revealed. the lagoon is teeming with ships. a cement plant is visible on the new land. then for the first time,
a clear view of the new runway china is building here. a chinese fighter taking off from here could reach the philippine coast in nine minutes. in the last year, china has built at least seven new islands and three new runways in the south china sea. one here at mischief reef, another at subi reef and the biggest of all at fiery cross. the aim is to reinforce china's claim to the whole of the south china sea. america and its allies are now responding. and over the radio we now hear one of them. what we're hearing is an australian military aircraft asserting freedom of passage. more than 40% of the world's trade
passes through the waters below us. china is determined to assert its control. america and its allies say they won't let that happen. and as we have found out, it may already be too late. rupert wingfield—hayes, bbc news, in the south china sea. from the conflict in syria to what's seen as the forgotten war in yemen. the fighting there has pushed one of the poorest countries in the middle east to the brink of famine, threatening the lives of millions of people. more than 7,000 have been killed in the conflict between the country's houthi rebels, who overthrew the government last year, and a saudi—led coalition backed by britain and the us. this has left around 7 million people on the brink of famine, many of them children. and again a warning,
nawal al—maghafi's report contains some distressing images from the start. in the villages of yemen, it's the children who suffer most. wherever you go, you can see the human cost of this war. seven—month—old fatima is weak and severely malnourished. she's one of hundreds in this area alone. her mother, sara, tells me she won't stop crying. "it breaks my heart," she says. the only thing sara can offer her child is water. she's so malnourished herself she's unable to breastfeed. this doctor took me from village to village and each time we saw the same thing. yemen has always been desperately poor but the war has
made things worse. it's notjust the villages that are struggling. this war has forced 600 hospitals to close down and lack of supplies has pushed this central hospital to the brink. children are the most affected by malnutrition. here, hunger has left 1.5 million children starving. this is four—year—old chaim. his grandfather brought him here with fever and diarrhoea. malnutrition has meant his immune system isn't able to fight a simple infection, and severe shortage of medicine means the antibiotic he needs isn't available either. translation: the antibiotics we have will not treat the type of bacteria that he is suffering from. all we can do is provide healthcare with the supplies that we have. the hospital is overwhelmed
with children, but in some cases malnutrition has turned into outright starvation. saleen is eight years old. once able to play and talk with his brothers and sisters, his mother says although he's alive it's as if he's not here. translation: i never imagined i would ever see a child like this in yemen. this boy is starving. it scares me that it may be the beginning of a famine. four—year—old chaim's grandfather tells me his condition has taken a turn for the worst. he just had fever and diarrhoea,
and because they didn't have his medicine he passed away. back in the village, ashwaq has some good news. after six days of phonecalls and negotiations, ashwaq managed to import his life—saving milk. translation: you've made me so happy and filled our home with happiness. i hope i can do the same for you. poverty has always affected yemen, but now there's the risk of losing an entire generation. nawal al—maghafi, bbc news, hudaydah, yemen. from yemen's forgotten war to what's become known as europe's forgotten
conflict in ukraine. tensions escalated there this year as europe struggled over whether to maintain sanctions on russia following its military intervention in the region. at the height of the crisis, tom burridge and his team travelled with the ukrainian military to one of the most volatile parts of the front line, on the edge of the town of avdiivka. he sent us this report. venture into this industrial area known as the prong zone on the edge of a small ukrainian city, and this is the reality almost every night. it's really close. go to the wall. we've literally just arrived in what's called the prom zone, and you can tell why they call it hot, because it's really... we need to go to the building.
this perpetual war zone has been largely forgotten. after two and a bit years and countless diplomatic meetings, russia and the west have failed to deliver peace. lethal warfare here sometimes feels mundane and monotonous. so five, maybe ten minutes after we arrived here in the so—called prong zone, and sniper fire, in the so—called prom zone, and sniper fire, the crack of machine—guns, that the soldiers say are probably rpgs, rocket—propelled grenades, essentially it's welcome to the prong zone. so we're changing positions now. our walk through the industrial zone feels like it will never end. he chooses to walk but i would prefer to run right now, we're right in the open. we made it! that was intense! we reach a building where we will spend the night.
fighting these ukrainian troops is a militia which controls two tiny unrecognised russian backed republics. 21—year—old dima says he will die for land which he says is part of ukraine. the next day, on a hillside nearby, we are shown the ukrainian military defences. this impressive network of trenches shows how ukraine has been digging in for months. they have not lost territory to the rebels in well over a year. and for that, they can claim some success.
but any success has come at a cost. the front line town held by ukraine. we meet viktor. his wife was killed and his grandson disabled, both by shelling. eastern ukraine is a deprived region. you can see bitter divisions. the conflict has become one of attrition which world powers have been unable or unwilling to end. now to evidence of a startling rise in gun violence the us, including in barack obama's hometown of chicago. killings in the city have reached a 20—year high. a deadly summer of violence brought this year's death toll to 500. most of the victims and their killers were young men. we spent a week in chicago and found
a world where guns rule. in my neighbourhood, they start young. that is the edge, and they are dying from guns. very young. we have to teach children how to defend themselves. it is like, what do you do? you would rather be caught with protection than without it. | have never seen so many gui'is. like, we have so many guns. but i have never seen as many as now. bo deal is a rapper from the west side, now, the most violent part of chicago. he is a member of the vice lords gang. he has been imprisoned. and even he is shocked by what has happened. it is like somebody dropped off crazy amounts of guns in the neighbourhood.
i think that many guys need to die to make it better. some of these guys need to be killed and knocked off to make it a better place. sirens. we have been standing here forfive minutes and i have seen two police cars and one ambulance. it is not safe here at all. suddenly we were told to leave the area, as he and his gang sped off. phone call: what happened? why did we have to leave? more people have been killed here since 2001 than us deaths in iraq and afghanistan combined.
and yet there is almost no outcry. do you worry about your children? i do. like, to be honest, i have a son of seven and a daughter of four, and i have not taught them how to ride a bike because the environment they live in is just not safe. i love you. i love you, dadda. i am trying to change the cycle. it is hard when you don't really have help, you know what i'm saying? we have been put in a weird position, you know what i'm saying, because... hold on. cut. this stuff don't end. with so many guns and so little
control, the murders will rise. rarely solved, and barely noticed. this may sound like the stuff of science fiction movies, but american researchers broke new ground this year by trying to grow human organs inside pigs. the research uses a pioneering technique called gene editing, which allows genes to be changed quickly. some say this may end the organ crisis. but it also may raise ethical issues. you are watching two species being mixed. humans themselves are being injected into a one—day—old pig embryo.
you can see them travelling down the tube. this biologist in california is trying to grow a human pancreas inside a pig. our hope is that this will develop normally. but the pancreas will be made up almost exclusively out of human cells so that then that pancreas will be compatible with the patient for transplantation. the technique is known as gene editing. it uses molecular scissors to delete the dna instructions in the pig embryo to create a pancreas. the ambition is the human cells will fill the void and grow a human pancreas instead. the same technique might enable other organs to be grown for transplant. the bbc‘s panorama was allowed to film the sows filled with human embryos known as chimeras.
human stem cells are taken from a patient, they could be tissue match, reducing the risk of rejection. this research raises profound ethical concerns. crucially, just how human and the piglets developing inside this sow? it is such a sensitive area that the chimeric embryos will not be permitted to go to term, but be removed for tissue analysis after 28 days' gestation when they are about a centimetre long. they will crucially check whether the brain develops humanlike qualities. another pioneer in this field told me this question has yet to be resolved. whatever we tried to make, whether it is a kidney, liver, a lung, we will look at what is happening in the mind. and if we find it is too humanlike, it will be ended. organisations campaigning for an end to factory farming are dismayed
by the image of organ farming. i am nervous about opening up a new avenue of animal suffering. we could consider it, but the basis has to be that there is no overall increase of pigs being used for human services. 7000 people are on the transplant waiting list in the uk and hundreds die each year before a donor can be found. but patient trials involving gene edited pig organs are still a long way off. finally, for centuries, the men have proven their worth in fantasia, a moroccan tradition, riding horses and firing their rifles in unison. for the first time, female riders have been taking them on. we have been to meet the moroccan women warriors beating the man at their own game. fantasia, a centuries' old moroccan tradition, a way for men to show
off their warfare and masculinity. but in recent years, more women riders are taking the reins. this is the leader of an all—female troop. and today, the only woman competing in this fantasia. how different do you feel the image is to what people think a normal arab or moroccan girl should be? did you not think maybe you cannot do it because no other girl has done it before? when you first started fantasia how did men think of you? now they respect us. did they not respect you before? that sounds horrible. did that ever put you off? how did you find the
girls foryourgroup? for good luck? yeah, of course, for good luck. i am nervous and my heart is beating. the aim is for the teams to charge and shoot simultaneously. the winners are announced and the girls won! bbc news, morocco. and that is all from this special edition of reporters looking back at some of the best reports from this year.
from me, phillipa thomas, goodbye for now. hello. well, many of us had a bit of a wet new year's day, but that wet weather was courtesy of a cold front. the cold front has cleared through, introducing much chillier air, but much clearer, sunnier conditions as well for many of us today. a distinctly chilly start to the day. some ice around after yesterday's rain, so watch out for that. could be quite slippery, particularly across the north and east, where we have some wintry showers, in actualfact. so it is not dry everywhere, but for the majority it will be blue skies as you step out first thing in the morning. this is 9:00am. a lovely start to the day, if you wear a few layers, that is, across most of wales and northern ireland. some of those wintry showers still peppering some northern areas
of the province. the snow settling on the highest ground in northern ireland, and down to quite low levels, actually, across the north of scotland. so yes, it could be an icy start here. but for the central belt southwards, should be largely clear and sunny. some showers, wintry showers, will be pecking away at the north—east coast of england, a few making it inland. but for most of us, actually, it will be a dry start to the day, with a lot of sunshine. a bit of patchy cloud, perhaps, filtering down across east anglia, but it should stay largely dry here. further west, though, the temperatures close to freezing, so as i mentioned, watch out for one or two slippery surfaces. but it should be dry, and stay dry, for the majority of us as we go through the day. the wintry showers continuing across the north of scotland. though i think the snow will tend to turn back to rain at lower levels at least, and most other places will stay fine. still some showers down the east coast of england, and maybe one or two filtering through the irish sea, eventually into some north—western coasts of england. a cold —feeling day, despite all that sunshine. temperatures much, much lower
than they have been for the last couple of days in many places, so three to five degrees will be typical. we soon go into frost across the southern half of the uk, and there could well be some slippery surfaces, so watch out for those. if anything, though, temperatures will recover further north, with increasing cloud, and a much milder wind pushing in from the north—west, carrying some showers, principally to the west of scotland. so a different sort of day here as we go through tuesday, a lot more cloud around. some showery rain for a time, on a stiff old breeze, especially across the north of scotland. some of this cloud will filter its way down across england and wales. but, bar the odd shower, actually, still plenty of dry weather, with some sunshine across these more southern and eastern areas. after that chilly start, temperatures slow to recover, but a degree or so higher than they will be today. but on wednesday we see some cold air coming back in again, particularly for the more northern and eastern areas, here the best of the sunshine. further south and west, we will hold onto a bit more cloud. i'm mariko oi in singapore. the headlines: caught on camera. cctv footage of the moment the gunman launched an attack on a turkish nightclub, killing 39 people. a huge manhunt continues.
questions for indonesia after 23 people are killed when fire breaks out on a crowded ferry. others are still missing. i'm kasia madera in london. queen elizabeth has missed a second church service as she continues to recover from a heavy cold she caught before christmas. and will the world's scientists come up with desperately needed antibiotics to fight superbugs in 2017? we'll look at the big global health issues of the year ahead.